At term, 39 weeks + 0 days is associated with increased neonatal morbidity, a greater need for health services during the first year of life, and an increased risk of learning difficulties (when compared to pregnancies with more than 39 weeks).
Induction of labor or elective cesarean section before reaching this gestational age should be avoided, except in the presence of maternal or fetal pathology to justify it. Maternal discomfort and anxiety related to normal pregnancy are not indications for termination of pregnancy before 39 weeks.
A recommendation from:
College of Obstetrics and Gynecology Specialty of the Order of Physicians
More information: https://ordemdosmedicos.pt/inducoes-do-work-de-parto-ou-cesarianas-eletivas-antes-das-39-semanas-0-dias/
Choosing Wisely Portugal – Criteria in Health is a global health education program whose main objective is to promote health choices based on the best available scientific evidence, promoting the adequate use of complementary diagnostic tests and reducing the number of unnecessary interventions, without demonstrated efficacy / evidence and / or with an unfavorable risk-benefit ratio.
The program Choosing Wisely Portugal – Criteria in Health recommends, in addition to information for health professionals, the creation of pedagogical materials for patients who transmit the recommendations in accessible language in order to promote health literacy and contribute to shared health decisions.