The government has set more ambitious targets than the current National Energy and Climate Plan (PNEC), which presents this month in Brussels, including 47% of energy consumption in 2030 from renewable sources.
Today's targets for total energy consumption, by 2030, are 40%.
Speaking at the end of a session that was held today to present the Roadmap for Carbon Neutrality, the Minister of Environment and Energy Transition, João Pedro Matos Fernandes, recalled that a PNEC "draft" has to be delivered in Brussels until the end of year, that the targets are in line with those of the Roadmap presented today, and that the next decade is critical for carbon neutrality.
The goals of the PNEC, the minister said, include reducing greenhouse gas emissions, increasing renewable energy and energy efficiency.
For the next decade, the minister also called for "significant gains" in the efficiency of the water and sanitation sector, and recalled the commitment already made to the closure of coal-fired power plants and the focus on wind and solar energy.
Currently, Portugal imports 75% of the energy, but recommends in the document to send to Brussels that by 2030 this dependency does not surpass 62%, said also João Pedro Matos Fernandes.
In the speech at the end of the session on carbon neutrality, the minister also spoke of the need to make energy transport networks more flexible and prepared for decentralized production, he said that the country can not have "an increasingly expensive electricity" , and added that it is necessary to "phase out" the carbon tax exemption.
Still on the PNEC, he added that at the beginning of next year the plan will be put in public consultation and that should be ready in the summer of 2019.
The PNEC presentation by the end of the year is a European imposition, after parliament passed legislation on renewable energy in November, setting a target of 32% of renewable energy at Union level by 2030.
Matos Fernandes was at the opening session of the session on carbon neutrality and was also closing after topics such as transport, agriculture, water, waste, circular economy and energy were discussed during the day.
Water and waste represent 10% of greenhouse gas emissions, but the energy system represents 70%.
Throughout the afternoon, issues such as the use of treated wastewater, reassessment of the waste management rate, population perception of climate change, or adaptation of transport to the electricity system were discussed.
The Secretary of State for Energy, João Galamba, stressed that the future electricity grids will have to be bidirectional and digitized, not only carrying energy, but also communicational flows.