International politics analysts heard this Monday by Lusa argue that the outcome of the European Union shows a cut with the last 40 years, with the end of the absolute majority of the two main European party families: PPE and PS.
"The first great conclusion [a tirar do resultado das eleições europeias] is what the polls already affirmed a long time ago: the end of the absolute majority of the two main great families, "said the researcher of the Portuguese Institute of International Relations of the New University of Lisbon Bernardo Pires de Lima.
A "cut with the last 40 years" that "mirrors a bit what is party fragmentation in the member states," argues the analyst, considering that the negotiation equation will no longer be made by two large families to get involved "probably three or four ".
For Bernardo Pires de Lima, this new scenario "is interesting from the point of view of accommodating new points of view, especially the Greens and Liberals."
Carlos Gaspar, director of the Portuguese Institute for International Relations (IPRI), said that the elections showed a "continued decline of centrist parties, which already existed in the last election for the European Parliament in 2014", but that has worsened.
Now, he points out, one sees "a consolidated rise of anti-European parties on the left and right," which "together can be the second force in the European Parliament."
"It is this polarization between traditional Europeans and the new anti-Europeans that will, in my opinion, dominate this EP," he says.
Already for the political science researcher Adelino Maltese, the center did not have a vote cast in these elections.
"What happened was a drop in the European EPP-PS oligopoly," he says, stressing that the time is for change in the whole of Europe, except in Portugal.
"Portugal has unequivocally a type of participation and choice that is totally contrary to those of Western Europe, Eastern Europe, Central Europe, Channel Islands Europe and Mediterranean Europe," she observes, concluding that Portugal "is an island".
"Our political forces are very conservative, we are a greenhouse and therefore what happened in the other Europe did not have any correspondence here," he says.
According to this analyst, Portugal will face, for the first time, a European Parliament "without the friends that endured [o país] in certain moments of crisis ".
Carlos Gaspar also draws attention to the "significant advance" of the environmental parties that "are very important, but are concrete and specialized policies."
For the IPRI researcher, these forces "are a politically less relevant actor than the forces that once dominated the EP and than the anti-European forces that want to transform the EU."
Already Bernardo Pires de Lima reminds us that it will be interesting to see if "the political families that did not surpass the expectations at the arithmetic level in the EP [conseguem] cooperate with each other ".
"We are talking about a family with the ultraconservative Poles and the British Conservatives. We are talking about another family led by Salvini, with the French National Union, and others who will join as well. And a third family where there is the party of 'Brexit' and Five Stars. The coordination between these families is not liquid, "he commented.
For this analyst, what will decide this "chess of places and community policies" will be the role of "liberals at the heart of the negotiations between Social Democrats and PPE."
The decrease in abstention in the average of the 28 EU countries was also one of the points mentioned by researchers and political analysts, stressing that Portugal was the exception to the rule.
The decrease in abstention is "a sign that there are evils that come in for good," says Carlos Gaspar, arguing that "the mobilization of anti-European parties [chamou], probably for the EP elections a part of voters who in the past were not even interested in participating. "
Adelino Maltese, in turn, criticizes the "total failure of the party's first function, which is political mobilization," adding that there is also a "blockade of the media and a documentarism installed."
According to Bernardo Pires de Lima, the average of abstention in Europe – "that remained at 49%" – can be explained by the fact that "the party offer of traditional parties is not the most motivating."
In general, "traditional parties are not motivating because they tend to hide the impacts of European policies, they continue to campaign too parochial," he said, noting that "a generation under 40 is not motivated by a parish agenda without a continental and inspirational dimension. "
Admitting that "the rise of the greens and the liberals may be due to this," the researcher at the New University of Lisbon argues that issues such as "climate change, transnationality of some European matters, mobility and urbanism" are important for a generation that sees "Freedom of movement from here to Finland as absolutely fundamental".