After the arrival of Cristiano Ronaldo to Juventus last season, the Italian League, known as Serie A, is set to take another step towards becoming more competitive and attractive to the great players of world football. This is because, starting next Monday, July 1, Italian clubs will be able to offer higher salaries, as a result of a reduction in the tax burden, which is well below that of the Spanish, German and English leagues.
The transalpine tax reform requires that a player who, for example, receives one million euros, pays only 45,000 euros in taxes in southern Italy, while in the north, where emblems such as Juventus, AC Milan and Inter Milan are located , the value of taxes goes to 150 thousand euros.
Those who have already shown their disagreement with this situation were the president of the Spanish League, Javier Tebas. "We can not compete like this. Or we sit down to talk about fiscal policies to be competitive, or we will lose export capacity, "he said during an economic forum. The Economic Journal questioned Samuel Fernandes de Almeida, a specialist in tax matters at the law firm Vieira de Almeida, about whether the use of this instrument could attract more players to the Italian championship. "The tax burden in some countries, including Portugal and Italy, makes the wage costs of football in some cases unbearable," he says.
As such, the lawyer stresses that "it should be noted that selective measures for only one sector are banned in the European Union and are treated as State aid prohibited by Community law", explaining that "the differential of some countries for the Premier League and La Liga are not only a result of the fiscal factor, but also of television rights. " Samuel Fernandes de Almeida says that "football is an important sector for all economies," but that "it will also demand more transparency from the sector as this is a factor of political pressure for governments." In Portugal, the State took a step in creating a measure to encourage the return of workers with tax incentives. A measure that led to the return in the football case of players like Pepe to FC Porto and Luís Neto, who will play for Sporting.
Samuel Fernandes de Almeida stresses that "more than incentives, it is necessary to provide the professional football sector with a coherent fiscal regime, not specifically to reduce the tax burden on wages," noting that "it can not be ignored that the granting of tax benefits is a tax expenditure that has to be justified from an economic and social point of view.
Asked if the tax burden in Portugal is attractive to football professionals, the prosecutor says that "in practice it is not always the players to bear the burden because many contracts with foreign players are negotiated wages net of taxes, in practice those who bear the additional fiscal cost are the clubs. The lawyer adds that the tax burden "is exaggerated for all the Portuguese, including the sportsmen, being penalizadora for the clubs, because it makes the championship little attractive for players of international category".
Article published in the 1995 edition, dated June 28, of the Jornal Econômico