The issue sparked controversy in Italy in September during the Venice Film Festival, where many of the films presented were produced by the American giant Netflix and were to be released simultaneously in theaters or just on the internet.
This is the case of "Rome," the autobiographical film by Mexican filmmaker Alfonso Cuarón, winner of the Golden Lion this year, which allowed the powerful Netflix to win one of the most prestigious awards in world cinema.
"We all know perfectly well that this type of film, in Spanish, in black and white and in the Mixtec language, which is a drama, hardly finds spaces with a wide exposure," explained Cuarón in Venice when asked about the reasons why he has accepted Netflix as a coproducer of his most personal film.
"You can always see it Netflix," he added.
The Cuarón movie will soon be released in cinemas around the world and will be available on Netflix beginning December 14.
On the other hand, the Cannes Film Festival in France, when deciding this year to select only the films that debuted in theaters, excluded films from important directors who finished in Venice, such as those of the Coen brothers and Paul Greengrass.
In Italy, movie owners have denounced the fact that prestigious films can only be viewed by subscribers of online platforms, raising a national debate.
The film owners' associations asked the Minister of Culture, Alberto Bonisoli (of the 5-Star Movement, antisystem), to take immediate action to ensure a long period between the release of films in cinemas and their availability on the platforms, as provided by French law .
The minister announced last Wednesday that he is preparing a decree, baptized by the press as "anti-Netflix", which provides that an Italian film must be shown in the cinema before going to the streaming platform.
The usually 105-day period in theaters can now be reduced to 60 days for less commercial films, which were seen by less than 50,000 viewers in the first three weeks of programming.
"With this decree we make it easier for some films to be seen in an easier way," explained the Minister of Culture.
"We also protect movie theaters who need to fill the spaces with movies that guarantee them money," he said.
The measure of the government was well received by the association of movie owners who fear the "unfair competition" of internet platforms.