Mainland commercial ports saw a 3.9% drop in total cargo handled in the first half of 2019 over the same period of 2018, with 44.6 million tonnes handled, according to the Mobility and Transport Authority (AMT). Contributing to the reduction in port activity, according to AMT, “decreased imports of crude oil in Leixões and Sines, and labor disturbances in Sines”.
Among the best-performing ports, Aveiro stood out, which recorded the best-ever cargo handling volume in this semester, growing 62.5 thousand tons compared to the same period of 2018. Despite the vicissitudes registered during the first half of the year "In terms of size, the port of Sines continues to lead with an absolute majority corresponding to a share of 53.3% of the total," says AMT.
Thus, in the first half of 2019, the mainland ports registered a decrease of 3.9% compared to the same period of 2018, moving 44.6 million tons, a decrease explained, according to AMT, “by the decrease in crude oil operated. Leixões and Sines ports and also the loss of containerized cargo in Sines, due to the strike of the port workers of Terminal XXI ”.
AMT states that the “port of Aveiro deserves particular attention”, after having registered, in the first six months of this year, “a year-on-year growth of 62.5 thousand tons” (2.4% more), maintaining “the best always mark the global volume of cargo handled ”. However, Sines also “registers the best-ever mark in the volume of petroleum products and other liquid bulk in this period,” says AMT.
In terms of cargo markets, the first half recorded interesting performances in containerized cargo, Ro-Ro cargo and fractional cargo in Leixões, with increases of 8.4%, 18.3% and 16.6%, respectively. . “The fractional cargo in Aveiro grew 13.8%, about 98 thousand tons,” says AMT.
The port of Sines maintains its share of cargo volume below 50%, reaching 49.7% in June (0.4 percentage points less than in the first half of 2018), followed by Leixões (21, 4%), Lisbon (12.4%), Setúbal (7.9%) and Aveiro (6.1%), according to AMT data.
In the first six months of this year, container movement recorded a negative overall change of 3.1% in the volume of TEU (the standard measure for 20 foot long containers) handled (which is about 1.4 million minus of TEU in homologous terms). This performance is explained not only by the negative performance of containerized cargo in Sines, due to labor disturbances observed in this port, but also by the negative records presented in Lisbon, Setúbal and Sines. In this segment, only Leixões and Figueira da Foz showed a positive behavior, with increases of 9.6% and 8.8%, respectively, according to AMT. Also in this segment, AMT underlines that the port of Sines continues to lead, holding a 53.3% share, followed by Leixões (24.3%), Lisbon (16.4%), Setúbal (5.2%). ) and Figueira da Foz (0.8%).
“In the port of Sines there is still a slight change in the container segment, with a slight loss of representation of transhipment operations which take over 70% of the total in the period under review, ie by 9.2 points. compared to the same period of 2018 and 12.7 percentage points lower than in the first half of 2017. “This is after a 19.3% drop in the semiannual volume of transhipment and an increase of 31.8% traffic with hinterland, ”explains AMT.
Regarding the movement of vessels, compared to January-June 2018, “the first six months of 2019 saw a 2% decrease in the number of calls (5306 calls) and an increase in gross tonnage volume of 0, 1%. The ports of Viana do Castelo and Sines registered a growth in the number of calls of, respectively, 2.9% and 0.9%. “All other declines,” says AMT. In terms of cargo flows, the overall change observed in port movement in the first half of 2019 was negative for shipments and arrivals, with breaks of 5.6% and 2.6%, respectively.
Containerized cargo and fractional cargo in Leixões and ores in Setúbal contributed significantly to the positive impact of shipping operations. With a negative impact on shipments, we highlight oil products and containerized cargo in Sines (respectively, minus 570.7 thousand tons and minus 497.7 thousand tons), other solid bulk in Lisbon (minus 142.7 thousand tons) and oil products in Leixões (minus 97.4 thousand tons), according to AMT data. Viana do Castelo, Figueira da Foz, Setúbal and Faro are the ports that have an “exporting” port profile, registering a higher cargo volume than the landed cargo. Taken together, these four ports represent a 15.1% share of cargo (and 10.5% of these respect Setúbal).