Almost everything needed to change so that everything essential was the same: António Costa is again appointed Prime Minister by a President of the Republic of the center-right area who bears the PSD presidency in the curriculum, but even more different. What the political conditions at his disposal after the October 6 legislative victory is the style of the Head of State who welcomed him this time at the Belém Palace.
Unlike Cavaco Silva, defeated but unconvinced to the point that he even commissioned Pedro Passos Coelho to form a new government that, unsurprisingly, was promptly overthrown by an Assembly of the Republic that had failed him in favor – as the pre-coalition Ahead of Portugal only got 107 deputies in the 2015 legislatures – Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa has made it clear before and after the elections that he will not hinder or present specifications to a socialist leader who will continue six terms away from the absolute majority. achieve the unprecedented feat of electing all four members of opposition circles.
Four years ago, unimpressed by the non-participating position of support from the Left Bloc, the PCP and the ENP (adding 36 more members to the 86 elected by the PS), Cavaco Silva called for clarification of six questions that he considered unclear in the documents. “Distinct and asymmetrical” negotiated by the socialists with each of the three future parliamentary partners.
The then President of the Republic demanded the clarification of joint positions regarding the approval of motions of confidence; the approval of the budgets of the state of the legislature; compliance with the rules of budgetary discipline resulting from the Stability and Growth Pact, the Budget Treaty and the European Stability Mechanism, as well as from Portugal's presence in the Economic and Monetary Union and the Banking Union; respect for Portugal's international commitments in defense organizations such as NATO; recognition of the role of the Permanent Council for Social Concertation; and the stability of the financial system, emphasizing its “pivotal role in financing the Portuguese economy”.
It is true that the "contraption" lasted four years under the terms defined by Cavaco Silva, with whom António Costa would have had a hard time dealing with it if he still had it at the Belém Palace, because despite the strengthening of the vote and the parliamentary bench of the PS partners last Sunday advise against "past role" relationships.
PCP Secretary-General Jerónimo de Sousa has made it clear that Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa will not require written agreements to which he would not be willing to sign anyway, but merely shows his willingness to make punctual agreements.
For her part, the leader of the Left Bloc, Catarina Martins, said that support to the PS government is possible, being available for a negotiation similar to that held four years ago (with the relevant difference that in the next Parliament it is enough to add socialists and to obtain an absolute majority), without neglecting a “Budget to Budget” negotiation.