In Brazil, 15.2 million people lived below the poverty line in 2017, a study released by the Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) released today.
The survey used the poverty line proposed by the World Bank (income of up to US $ 1.9 or 1.3 euros per day) as the basis of calculation and found that the Brazilian population below the poverty line jumped from 6.6% in 2016 to 7.4% in 2017.
The contingent of poor people in Brazil according to the World Bank, that is, with income of up to 5.5 dollars or 4.8 euros per day, went from 25.7% of the population in 2016 to 26.5% in 2017.
In absolute numbers, this contingent ranged from 52.8 million to 54.8 million people in that period.
The average monthly household income per capita in the country that last year stood at 1,511 reais (about 340 euros).
The survey also found other aspects of Brazilian life such as labor market insertion, one of the areas most affected by the economic crisis that brought the country's gross domestic product (GDP) to more than 7% in 2015 and 2016.
"The unemployment rate was 6.9% in 2014 and rose to 12.5% in 2017. This equates to 6.2 million more unemployed people between 2014 and 2017. In this period, unemployment increased in all regions and in all age groups, "said the IBGE.
According to the survey, informal work (without a work contract) reached 37.3 million people, representing 40.8% of the employed population, or two out of every five workers in the country.
"This contingent has increased by 1.2 million since 2014, when it represented 39.1% of the employed population," the survey added.
In the analysis of the labor system, white workers also earned an average of 2,615 reais (595 euros), 72.5% more than blacks or mulattos, who received 1,516 reais (344 euros).
Among blacks or mulattos, 13.6% were among the 10% of the population with the lowest incomes.
At the other extreme, however, only 4.7% of them were among the top 10% in Brazil.
In terms of income, blacks and browns accounted for 75.2% of the people with the lowest 10% in 2017, compared to 75.4% in 2016, the survey said.
The analysis also pointed out that 13% of the Brazilian population, or 27 million people, lived in inadequate homes.
A positive figure detected in the study was verified in the educational sector, where the proportion of enrollments by quotas in public higher education has tripled in the last 7 years (2009 to 2016), when that percentage rose from 1.5% to 5.2%.