This performance was mainly contributed by coal, “That almost completely affected the port of Sines”, and petroleum products, with 2.14 million tons less.
Among the main declines are still solid bulk, aquaculture products and fractionated cargo with, respectively, 745.5 thousand tons, 423.5 thousand tons and 348.3 thousand tons, respectively.
In the opposite direction, containerized cargo stands out with a record share of 38.9%, which represents a respective increase of 1.54 million tons.
"The combined effect of the behavior of cargo at the port level determines positive variations only in Sines, Faro and Figueira da Foz, registering increases of + 0.9%, + 61.8% and + 1.6%", read in the document.
In turn, Leixões and Lisbon presented setbacks of 2.48 million tons and 2.46 million tons, respectively.
At least since 2000, Lisbon did not count a volume of cargo handled below 10 million tons.
Leading the volume of cargo handled was the port of Sines with a 51.5% share, 3.5 percentage points more than at the end of 2019, followed by Leixões (20.9%), Lisbon (11%), Setúbal (7.7%), Aveiro (5.9%) and Figueira da Foz (2.4%).
In 2020, the containerized cargo market advanced 5.1% to 31.8 million tons, driven by Sines.
The container segment ended 2020 with a volume of 2.8 million TEU (standard measure used to calculate the volume of cargo in a container), 2.6% more than in the same period last year, a value to which it contributed mainly the port of Sines, with an increase of 13.3%.
Leixões and Setúbal also had records of annual volumes of TEU reaching 703.93 thousand TEU and 166.86 thousand TEU, respectively, equivalent to increases of 2.6% and 22.2%.
The port of Sines remains the leader in this segment with a 57.6% share, an increase of 5.4 percentage points compared to 2019.
Leixões (25.1%), Lisboa (10.7%), Setúbal (6%) and Figueira da Foz (0.6%) follow.
In commercial ports, on the other hand, there were 9,424 ship calls, which corresponded to a global gross tonnage (GT) volume of 167.97 million, a 17.7% decrease compared to 2019.
“Most of the ports contributed to this negative behavior in the movement of ships, with only Setúbal, Faro and Figueira da Foz registering increases in the number of calls, from, respectively, +83 (+ 5.4%), +17 (+ 58.6%) and +3 (+ 0.7%). Of the ports that saw a decrease in the number of calls, Lisbon stands out, with a record -934 (including about 345 regarding cancellations that took place in the context of measures to combat the covid-19 pandemic), he needed.
Last year, the highest share was that of the Douro and Leixões ports, which corresponds to 26.4% of the total, followed by Sines (21.2%), Lisbon (17.6%), Setúbal (17.1%) %), Aveiro (10.3%), Figueira da Foz (4.9%), Viana do Castelo (1.9%), Faro (0.5%) and Portimão (0.1%).
As pointed out by the AMT, the negative variation in the volume of cargo handled in 2020 results from the negative behavior of the loading and unloading operations, which is part of the context of international trade that was characterized, in the year in question, by a reduction of 15, 2% of the value of the value of goods imports and 10.2% of exports.
The shipment flow was influenced by the positive behavior of 15 of the 55 markets, handling 4.98 million tons more than in 2019, while in the segment of landing operations the negative impact caused by Sines coal stands out, whose break exceeded the 2.61 million tons.