"All diets should be personalized, since we all have different nutritional needs, which depend, among other factors, on our age and our body composition," Ana Rita Lopes, the nutritionist, explains.
"In addition, we all have different eating habits and preferences, which in a diet should always be taken into account, bringing it as close as possible to the reality of each person," says the expert.
Some of the key aspects to consider when designing a diet are the goal of diet, body composition, calculation of individual nutritional needs, personal background, possible allergies / food intolerances, eating habits and physical activity, the profession , routine and schedules. "There are diets with many goals, from loss to weight gain, to improving sports performance, to controlling metabolic diseases, such as diabetes, among others," adds Ana Rita Lopes.
The secret is in learning to enjoy eating well.
In Portugal, more than half of the population is overweight and only 27% practice exercise every day. The conclusions are from the National Food and Physical Activity Survey, revealed in March this year.
When we talk about weight loss diets, one aspect they all have in common is a calorie restriction over what is commonly ingested. "However, it should always be a balanced diet with a non-excessive dietary restriction that does not compromise the contribution of essential nutrients, in the daily routine, for the proper functioning of the organism," warns the nutritionist.
The generalist diets Paleo, Atkins, Dukan
Almost every month new diets and nutritional methods emerge. After Vegan and Paleo, Atktins, Dukan, the two-day and 21-day diet, and even intermining fasting became fashionable.
"It is not that these diets do not work, but they have a big factor against them because they are not personalized. Most diets are very restrictive at the level of some nutrients and should not be practiced by all people, especially unhealthy people, under penalty of having repercussions on their health ", comments the nutritionist. "In any case, any type of diet that is intended to be carried out should always be done with medical / nutritional monitoring," he adds.
The nutritionist warns that food and diet can not be considered as having a definite deadline, in which after reaching the goal, you can go back to eating everything you have eaten before. "Thinking in this way is wrong and if you do, you are likely to regain the weight you lost. The key is to learn to enjoy eating well," he concludes.