The People-Animals-Nature Party (PAN) proposes, in its election program presented on Thursday, a ban on oil exploration and the closure of coal plants by 2023. The political force led by André Silva considers that it is urgent to decarbonize the economy and end dependence on fossil fuels and invest in renewable energy.
“Addiction to fossil fuels, in addition to other social and economic issues associated with their exploitation, presents two problems, one of which is the fact that oil, natural gas and coal are non-renewable sources of energy; the other problem is inevitably associated with strong environmental impacts, with a huge contribution to climate change, ”reads the election program presented this Thursday by the PAN in Porto.
Among the measures proposed by the PAN is the prevention of hydrocarbon exploration in the national territory, as well as the cancellation of proposals for the expansion of gas pipelines and reducing the number of liquefied natural gas shipments at the Port of Sines. The party also wants to ensure that at least 1.5% of the biofuel incorporated in fossil fuels comes from other wastes, including “waste cooking oils”.
In the same vein, the NAP is in favor of the closure of coal plants. By 2021, André Silva's party advocates the closure of half of the groups at the Sines thermoelectric power station (600 Mw) and the Pego power station. Already the other groups of Sines, according to the party, should be closed in 2023, on the condition that they ensure "wage guarantee plans for workers".
The PAN argues that it is urgent to “invest in the incorporation of renewable and endogenous energy sources in final energy consumption”, promoting the decarbonization of electricity production from coal and ending the dependence on fossil fuels. They also advocate decentralization and democratization of energy production and the promotion of energy transition in industry.
Transport is, according to the party, the sector where decarbonisation is a priority. The NAP advocates the need to reduce travel needs and implement viable public transport alternatives that meet the needs of users.
“The transition in this sector involves the strong reduction in the use of individual transport and the consequent promotion of the use of public transport, the articulation of the various types of public transport, the decarbonisation of fleets, the investment in railways, the investment in cleaner fuels and renewable base, ”explains the party.