The covid-19 pandemic paralyzed world sport in the spring of 2020 and dictated a competitive recovery from May, with no public in most of the venues, with adjusted calendars and events diverted to Portugal.
The disease transmitted by a new coronavirus was detected in December 2019 in Wuhan, China, and spread throughout the world, leading to the suspension of entire sectors of the world economy, due to widespread confinement.
With the sport interrupted since mid-March, in a sudden unprecedented stop since World War II, between 1939 and 1945, hundreds of competitions around the world were postponed and not even the Tokyo2020 Olympic Games escaped.
The largest multisport event in the world was moved to the summer of 2021, as were the final stages of Euro2020 and the Copa America football, reflecting a time dominated by uncertainty since the first pandemic wave and recovered at different speeds.
The reactivation of most championships depended on the pandemic risk associated with each country or continent and on the elaboration of tight calendars, as expressed by the realization of the last 10 rounds of the 1st soccer league, between June 3 and July 26.
Instead of the II League, the Government authorized the final of the Portuguese Cup and individual outdoor sports, despite the indefinite bicycle ride to Portugal, which was postponed, canceled and recovered in a special edition of 27 September and 5 October .
The pavilion modalities, on the other hand, chose to accompany non-professional football in the early conclusion of the 2019/20 season before the summer, without consensus on the attribution of titles, European vacancies, ascents and descents through the administrative route.
Other short-term events were canceled, such as the Estoril Open for tennis and the Rally of Portugal, or converted into a virtual edition, such as the Porto Marathon, in a partial sports resumption conditioned to the evolution of cases of infection.
This atypical context caused unprecedented damage in the sector, but privileged Portugal in organizing major events and transferred the final to eight of the football Champions League to the stadiums of Luz and José Alvalade, in Lisbon, from 12 to 23 August.
In addition to the new format, with qualifiers converted into a single game, universal health restrictions were adopted in the resumption of sports in the middle of a pandemic, from screening tests to the massive use of a mask, including the limitation of players.
Portugal also benefited from competitive adjustments in the main categories of motor sports and once again hosted stages of the Formula 1 World Championship (25 October) and MotoGP (22 November), this time at the Autódromo Internacional do Algarve.
Motorcyclist Miguel Oliveira's home win was framed by empty stands, a month after the failed test with more than 27,500 spectators in the elite of the four wheels, which stopped a series of general rehearsals with a view to the return of the public to the venues.
The second wave of the covid-19 pandemic broke out between the two tests and rescued the state of emergency, without implying total confinement, while the 2020/21 season continues only at the senior level and leaves more than 400 thousand young people inactive.