Parties bet more on proposals than on programs – The Economic Journal

Parties bet more on proposals than on programs - The Economic Journal

PS proposes "a new social contract for Europe"

The PS has not yet presented its program for the European elections, but has already publicly defended some proposals. The most concrete, so far, is the creation of a new social contract for Europe. "We need a new social contract that opens up the opportunities, the doors and the hope for this new generation," António Costa, PS's PM and PM, said at the recent European Socialist Party (PSE) convention. "A social contract for a fairer, free and sustainable world," he added.

At the PSE convention held in Madrid on 22 and 23 February, a manifesto was approved entitled "A New Social Contract for Europe". The PES proposal, endorsed by the PS, is based on five pillars: bet on education; job market; promotion of well-being; environment and combating climate change; democratic regeneration. Speaking at the convention, Costa also called for the eradication of poverty in Europe, the fight against social, gender and regional inequalities, the promotion of a more dynamic economy and greater investment in innovation.

For its part, the head of the PS, Pedro Marques, has already assumed that the proposal to establish a new social contract for Europe will be a central theme of the election campaign for Europeans. In addition, Marques' first interventions as a candidate have been focused on the process of negotiating and implementing community funds in Portugal, evoking his role as Minister of Planning and Infrastructure. Above all, he defended himself against the insistent criticisms of PSD's listener, Paulo Rangel, which extended to the various launching ceremonies that Marques (still in the role of minister, although pre-announced as a candidate in the European elections) year, then accompanied by the Prime Minister.

PSD criticizes fund management and rejects European taxes

On the PSD side there is still no program for the European elections, but head of the list, Paulo Rangel, has focused his interventions in the process of negotiation and execution of community funds in Portugal, attacking the former minister Pedro Marques, head-of-PS list. "Someone has to denounce the passivity, the conformism, the complacency with which the Government of the PS and its Planning minister are negotiating the funds of 2020-2027," Rangel said on February 7 in the launching speech of his to the European Parliament.

In addition to negotiating the next fund table, Rangel also criticizes the execution of the framework still in force, classifying Marques as a "bad performer" and a "bad negotiator." In the same speech, he lamented that "this Government, which has failed clamorously in the execution of Community funds, at the moment when we most need them, is the same as preparing to accept a proposal for a new Community framework for 2027 that damages Portugal." This should be the most recurring theme of the PSD election campaign, even because it focuses on the main adversary's role as minister.

On the other hand, Rangel also seeks to make a difference in relation to the PS in matters such as the creation of a single European army and the launching of European taxes. The PSD candidate is against these two initiatives and challenged the PS to assume that it is in favor of both. As far as European taxes are concerned, it has been the great banner of the CDS-PP, at this stage of pre-election campaign, but Rangel has already marked the position of the PSD in this matter, going over the centrists and addressing the socialists: The contrast between the realism and pragmatism of the PSD and the demagogic utopia of the PS becomes clear in a PSD flag with more than 20 years: the rejection of European taxes. "

CDU points out the euro and the Budget Treaty

Even without concrete proposals in a program or manifesto, the CDU is dedicated to critically reviewing the process of European integration, with a special focus on constraints on budgetary rules and the loss of sovereignty. "Developments in the European Union and the Eurozone condemn countries like Portugal to underdevelopment, stagnation, economic dependence and political subordination," said João Ferreira, head of the CDU list, on January 17 at the launch session of his reinstatement.

"In these elections to the European Parliament, it is also decided whether we accept this sentence or whether, on the contrary, we boldly affirm the sovereign right of the country to its development. If we accept the continuation of this national oppression, which is also a class oppression of the workers and the Portuguese people, or if we mobilize the forces to break with dependence and subordination, "defended Ferreira.

In this speech, the Communist MEP relaunched two flags that the party has wielded in recent years: the exit of the euro and the Budget Treaty. "Portugal needs a national currency adapted to its specific reality, which competes to promote wages and develop the productive apparatus and not to permanently disadvantage them. (…) Portugal needs to be freed from the Budget Treaty. But without forgetting that this is just one component of a bigger problem. It was with the euro, and without the Budget Treaty, that Portugal became one of the most indebted countries in the world, "he said.

CDS-PP defends unanimity in fiscal policy

The CDS-PP is the only one of the main parties that has already presented a program for the European elections, more specifically a document with programmatic lines and is entitled "Portugal. Europe is Here ". Among the "programmatic lines", the issue of European taxes should be highlighted. which has been the great banner of the party in this pre-campaign stage.

"We reject any change to the rule of unanimity in voting on tax issues at European level. The CSD argues that the principles of subsidiarity and proportionality embody the ideal of united Europe that we really want, "the document points out.

The party head of the party, Nuno Melo, who has been appointed to the European Parliament, has addressed this issue in almost all of his speeches. And the PSD even asked the PS to defend the repeal of the unanimity rule in the European Union's decision-making process in the area of ​​fiscal policy, an initiative that the CDS-PP believes will open the door to European taxation. As already mentioned, Rangel guarantees that the PSD is against possible European taxes.

The CDS-PP programmatic lines also highlight the community funds (aligning in the criticisms that the PSD has directed to the negotiation and execution of the funds by the current Government of the PS) and the Common Agricultural Policy. "We want to strengthen cohesion policies and greater justice in the distribution of funds from the Common Agricultural Policy, and increase the budget of the European Union. Agriculture is a heritage with a future as well as a sustainable and inclusive environment. We have to adapt to climate change and promote efficient irrigation, "reads the party program.

BE focuses on social status and climate change

In BE, Marisa Matias once again led the list of candidates for the European Parliament and, in her campaign launch speech, made two priority commitments: the defense of the social state and labor rights. "Over the past few years we have begun to recover from the devastation of the troika, but this recovery has fallen short of what was needed and what people demanded, because European rules restrict investment in public services and because the Government has always chosen to go beyond compliance with those rules imposed by Brussels, "Matias said on 23 February.

The bloc then accused the European Union of wanting to hand over to the private sector the management of health care and also to "want to deregulate even more" labor legislation. At the same meeting, the party leader, Catarina Martins, pointed in another direction: the environment. "Europe needs a project, yes. It is not the project of the international financial system, but it has to be the project of the environment and the fight against climatic alterations, "proposed Martins.

Article published in issue No. 1979 of March 8, Jornal Econômico

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