Not wishing to be identified, the MP recalled to Lusa, in a corridor of the Assembly of the Republic, that saw the news, in which the target was the prime minister, António Costa, and did not rush in the comment because it found strange, little credible and suspected
Without precipitation, PS, PSD, PCP, BE and CDS do not exclude possible legal changes, but admit that to act at European level can have advantages, being a phenomenon that is not only Portuguese, has a European scale, global up to, and agree , with some 'nuances', which can be a threat to democracy.
The PS, Lufthansa Porfirio Silva, told Lusa, does not put the issue in a "party defense point of view", but rather in the "defense of democracy" and is already "affecting the conditions of democratic societies, not only in terms political, but also in societal terms. "
"It is a huge threat to democratic regimes if we can not curb or condition the phenomenon of"fake news'"According to Manuel Teixeira, of the PSD's direction and former director of" O Comércio do Porto ".
On the right, CDM PP deputy Telmo Correia said that the phenomenon is "obviously worrying" and "clearly a threat to democracy" because it is "a threat to truth and transparency".
The Left Bloc (BE) and PCP have the same concern with democratic rules.
Jorge Costa, of the BE, advocates a "dialogue between democratic institutions, in articulation with the media" in order to get the media to promote a form of consortium that "fact chek" to "fight the circulation of false information" .
The goal is for this platform, like journalistic research, to "investigate and verify" the information, arguing Jorge Costa, who is also a "strategic interest" in the social communication of reference "combating the dissemination" of "fake news'.
The PCP, told Lusa Carlos Gonçalves of the political commission, did not exclude legal changes and admitted "to follow what is positive" from the European Parliament, which in October adopted a recommendation calling on states to adapt legislation, namely electoral legislation , to the digital world.
Left and right suggest almost the same type of response, in the medium and long term, although using different discourses: pedagogy, starting in schools, for students to know how to identify 'fake news'In social networks or education in citizenship, in order to create' a critical spirit 'for the citizen to learn to' distinguish truth and lies', in the expression of Jorge Costa.
There are temptations to avoid, such as the idea of "everything is solved by laws", in the words of Porfirio Silva, and care to be taken, such as paying attention to respect for the liberties of citizens and what is done if not confused with censorship. And this is another point in common, from CDS to PCP.
With more or less 'nuances', party representatives admit that in order to minimize the negative effects of manipulated news, it is necessary to exploit 'technological resources, software' that function as 'filters to help' to 'detect the falsity of news' , said Manuel Teixeira.
Jorge Costa (BE), Porfirio Silva (PS) and Manuel Teixeira (PSD) argued that whoever does and who divulges so-called "false news" should be held accountable, with awareness of what they are doing.
The BE argues that the "work of self-organized groups of citizens" should be valued, starting with social networks.
Portugal has to look at what the European Union is doing, with the Commission's Code of Good Practice, with the work of experts who have already produced work and reports, exemplifies.
"It may be necessary to tinker with laws, to strengthen technical capacities of state organs," he told Lusa, being absolutely sure of the need to strengthen "the democratic pedagogy component," beginning with the schools' banks.
Education, giving citizens "skills and knowledge to defend themselves" is also, for the PSD, a way of responding, as can also be the legislative route, "to hold accountable who is the maker or disseminator of" false news ".
Because, everyone says, existing legislation to punish crimes of defamation, slander or offenses against the personality "have a stable and strong legal framework," recalls the Socialist Porfirio Silva, and can not be mixed with those of disinformation or called "false news".
In conclusion, "no one has a single, easy and immediate prescription" (Porfirio Silva) or "there is not an elixir" (Carlos Gonçalves) for the problem.
At 'fake news', commonly known as fake news, misinformation, or information falsely intended for political or other purposes, have gained prominence in the US presidential election dictatorship of Donald Trump, the referendum on Brexit in the United Kingdom, and more recently presidential in Brazil, where the polls gave the right-wing candidate, Jair Bolsonaro, who won the election an advantage.