Sixth of European workers make 48 hours a week – The Economic Journal


According to one of the graphs of the document, in Portugal an average of 45 hours a week is worked, although the labor legislation foresees the limit of 40 weekly hours.

The joint report by the ILO and the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (Eurofound) looks at working conditions from a global perspective and makes a comparative analysis of the quality of employment in 41 countries, including 28 in the European Union In the last five years.

According to the study, more than half of the people of the Republic of Korea, Turkey and Chile work more than 48 hours a week.

Intensive work, "with tight deadlines and high intensity work", is common for 50% of workers in the United States, Turkey, El Salvador and Uruguay.

Regardless of the country under analysis, less educated workers have less access to opportunities to increase their skills.

Exposure to physical hazards is frequent and transverse. More than half of the workers covered by the analysis are subject to repetitive hand and arm movements.

More than 20% of people work under high temperatures and others work at low temperatures.

The high noise was another of the risks detected in the work environment, affecting between a third and a fifth of the workers. In the European Union affects 28% of workers, while in Turkey affects 44%.

The report reaffirms that, in all countries, women "earn significantly less than men."

He also said that 12% of workers assumed that they "have already been subject to verbal abuse, humiliating behavior, intimidation, unwanted sexual attention or sexual harassment."

Job insecurity is also a widespread reference, as more than 30% of workers reported having a job with no career prospects.

In the European Union, one in six workers is afraid of losing their jobs and in the United States one in ten has the same feeling.

The joint report of the ILO and Eurofound considers that quality of employment "is increasingly a major political problem".

It argues that quality employment has advantages for workers, for companies and for society in general.

According to the study, job quality can be improved by "reducing excessive demands on workers and limiting their exposure to risks" and helping them achieve their professional goals.

The report also calls for social dialogue between workers 'and employers' representatives to improve the quality of employment as well as the role of public authorities as regulators.



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