The entry of strike notices in the Directorate-General for Employment and Labor Relations (DGERT) was at a minimum of 224 in 2014, and has been on an upward trend since then, reaching 663 in 2006. July this year.
The figure observed in the first seven months of this year is only surpassed by the 1,217 warnings registered in 2013, the year when the unemployment rate reached a historical high and the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) fell by 1.1%.
Of the notices entered this year, most (542) occurred outside the State Business Sector (SEE), according to the same data published by DGERT and referring to the notices reported under the Labor Code, not including those of the civil service.
These data correspond to the warnings entered at DGERT, but may not correspond to the strikes actually performed as some are withdrawn or suspended.
João Cerejeira, economist and specialist in labor issues, finds in the pre-election climate and the economic recovery that the country has registered in recent years some of the reasons for this hardening of labor conflict.
In an election year, Lusa also said Professor at the University of Minho, the Government has less room for maneuver to come into direct confrontation with the workers.
In addition, improving the business cycle makes it more difficult for companies to recruit, which ultimately strengthens the bargaining power of workers.
“In the post-crisis period, workers knew that companies were weak and asking for wage appreciation would not make much sense,” says João Cerejeira, stressing that with the recovery of the economy and the notion “that the cake will be a little better ”, workers“ want more profit sharing ”.
Elísio Estanque, a researcher at the Center for Social Studies at the University of Coimbra, also considers that the recovery of the economy is one of the factors behind the rise in strike warnings.
Noting that the unique comparison of these warnings reveals only part of the reality because it does not take into account the number of days of strike and the number of workers covered, Elísio Estanque believes that the rise is still related to the fact that it is in period. pre-election.
To this, the researcher of the Center for Social Studies of the University of Coimbra adds the emergence of new union organizations and their need for affirmation.
"This overview, coupled with a pre-election cycle, ultimately favors the multiplication of these fighting initiatives," he said.
The Labor Code states that the strike notice shall indicate the start and end date of the strike, its geographical scope, the employers to which it is addressed or the workers concerned.