During the government of Jose Sócrates, one of the initiatives was to give each pupil of the first cycle access to Magalhães, a computer built in Portugal, focused mainly on teaching. The tool was free of charge for students in the first grade of social action school, but with a maximum of 50 euros for any other student. A measure that clearly aimed to change classrooms with technology, promoting computer literacy in younger people.
After 10 years on these measures the reality is quite different. According to the DGEEC report (Directorate-General for Statistics on Education and Science), in the 2008/2009 school year, with the introduction of Magalhães, there was one computer per student in the classrooms. A significant leap when the average previous year was 15 computers, and going back to 2001/2002 there was virtually one computer per classroom. But jumping to the present, the average is rising again. Like last year, there is currently an average of one computer for each classroom.
Despite the worsening of the first cycle, the older students in the second, third and lower secondary schools maintained a constant average of two to three students per computer, but at present there are four students for each machine.
The program, which had a partnership with JP Sá Couto, only lasted two years and ended in 2011, and from there the average student per computer rose, justified by the inability of households to purchase a computer to Your children. Also note that as of the 2017/2018 school year, tablets started to count as computers.
According to the Daily News reports, besides the average of computers being limited by each student, there is the problem that not all are without internet access. Not to mention that many of the computers in the classroom are obsolete, with an average of 10 years. This problem is one of the most focused topics by the principals in the teaching and learning process, the director of the National Association of Directors and Clusters and Public Schools (ANDAEP) told the newspaper, Filinto Lima. The Internet is said to be an increasingly used teaching tool, but many teachers always have to prepare a plan B when the signal fails.
According to the president of ANDAEP, the project Magalhães failed, being associated with "a great political propaganda of the Government of José Sócrates, having been practically imposed on the schools, without a previous period of preparation and sensitization. In conclusion, the teachers did not use the computer in classrooms and students would eventually use them at home to play …