The most common skin cancers are basal cell carcinoma, followed by squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma. The diagnosis and early treatment allow it to be cured.
"If diagnosed later, they give rise to more mutilating surgeries or even death, especially melanoma or advanced forms of squamous cell carcinoma. It is predictable that this year more than 100 deaths from untreated skin cancers may occur this year," says Dr. Osvaldo Correia, a specialist in dermatology and secretary general of the Portuguese Association of Skin Cancer (APCC), on the occasion of the World Melanoma Day celebrated today.
"Most of these skin cancers are related to exaggerated or inadequate sun exposure throughout life, whether for professional or leisure reasons (such as outdoor sports activities at inappropriate times or without proper sun protection, especially with the hat and clothing that covers all skin, including forearms and décolleté), "emphasizes the dermatologist.
More cases of skin cancer in young people
More than a hundred cases of skin cancer, 19 of which melanoma, were detected in 2017 in the national screening, which observed 1,548 people, mostly women. Compared with 2010, there was a "significant increase" in sunspots, from 37% in that year to 43% in 2017 and actinic keratoses, which rose from 5% to 10%.
For this doctor, the younger ones also have to be attentive, because they are being detected more and more cases of cancers of skins in people in their 30s and 40s.
Of the population screened, 39% said they practiced outdoor sports, especially men, and 6% said they had suffered burns while practicing sports. "It's important that people realize that even walking, running outdoors, especially at the worst times, they have to protect themselves with a hat and wear long sleeves," he said.