According to the IPMA – Portuguese Institute for the Sea and Atmosphere, at the end of February there was an increase in the dry area, in relation to the end of January, with the whole territory registering meteorological drought based on the data according to the Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI). The percentage distribution of the drought index in the territory is 4.8% in the severe drought class, 57.1% in the moderate drought class and 38.1% in the weak drought class.
Teresa Fernandes, responsible for Communication and Environmental Education of Águas do Algarve, today in statements exclusively Newspaper diariOnline South Region, said that "Regarding water reserves, I can say that they are not as good as what we would like, but in spite of everything they are not very bad. In other words, in terms of public supply, this is the responsibility that we (Águas do Algarve) have here in the region, we have reserves that are enough to supply the whole region by the end of this year without any problems … Even if it does not rain, there is no reason for alarm anymore, the existing water reserves for human consumption, until the end of the year, including the peak of summer … "
"We are keeping the climate close to Morocco, Algeria or Tunisia and the Algarve is at the forefront", recently told Filipe Duarte Santos, president of the National Council for Environment and Sustainable Development (CNADS) and a specialist in the field of climate change.
It should be noted that Portugal has seen its annual rainfall decrease, on average, between 30 and 40 millimeters every 10 years, so that the reduction of atmospheric rainfall between 1960 and 2010 could be intensified "If it does not rain with some abundance in the months of April and May, we are wrong", admits Filipe Duarte Santos.